The History of The Internet

History of the internet

Being that the internet was not in our homes till around 1960-1970 and only became personalised on the 80s and 90s the history of the internet tends to get overlooked before these times.
With world war 2 America and Russia were on their own playing field. I don’t claim to be any kind of historian let alone have a strong knowledge about the war and what came of it but in this post I’ll discuss it in its simplest form. As America began to develops a whole new type of warfare with nuclear power they felt more and more certain that the Soviets will be building something similar to protect themselves. Basically up until this point both sides had created a weapon and an automated service that would send another missile in retaliation to destroy anyone who set off a missile but would still be obliterated in the process. Basically no one wins and that just wouldn’t do.
The bombs worked fine, they were precise using a grid system and were aimed at main infrastructures however and could destroy everything within range. The only thing they could do is to develop a way track these weapons. Thus the invention of the radar, a wonderful invention which would detect anything flying over the country including recorded flights and record a “blip” this being an unidentified object ie: a missile the country was on e again safe from anything flying overhead to destroy the American dream. until the Russians launched Satellite Sputnik explorer 1. This was the next big thing! Putting something in space opened up whole new doors for exploration and study, but also created a larger playing field for people to send weapons to space. Rendering radar systems obsolete. Well the Americans panicked, how could they compete with the Soviets if they decided to attack from space? It simply would not do. Thus the creation of NASA a US Government agency we all know very well still to this day, their intentions were clear, get a man into space before the Russians. Putting them back as no1. If you aren’t getting the picture yet this whole war and the following events turned from serious threats to “my gun is bigger than yours.”
Then around 1971 the email came into play. This leading to the xerox machine and making computers more personal and useful for the house and small projects. They weren’t just in the military anymore but in our homes, our schools, our business etc. only if you could afford one however. Then in 1989, the World Wide Web with browsers, windows systems, hypertext and codes like HTML nothing was off limits, not even the government. Opening up new doors into something that was originally produced by the military into peoples homes is just asking for them to push it to new limits and discover more. Even how to play practical jokes on our military and government through their own system. Julian Assange and that whole crew were pioneers and original panksters.

Hypertext

I apologise, this post is late as I put it under my creative arts title blog not my networked media.
This is going to be a short post cause I’ve got a headache bigger than Texas and some more homework but I thought I’d just go into this weeks lecture and how we expanded on last weeks lecture about how we can’t imagine ourselves out of it as we are so conditioned to do and use what programmes we already know.
Hyper culture is a non linear hyper linking narrative, almost like a choose your own adventure book.
Things like the choose your own adventure books or video games for instance are considered a hyper textual narrative as it gives you the illusion of choice and freedom.
Games like grand theft auto give you tasks and activities to do but also provide an outlet that if you wanted to explore or just see what the game could do it would be entirely up to you. However as you are doing this you believe that you’ve made this choice to do so but you’ve done it within the confines of this game. This idea reflects the same ideology we have of websites such as google.
With such a se is out there. Google being a website that learns from your activity provides adds for you, what you looked at eg: bike paths around Melbourne, Google will post ads about bike supply stores. However there are other search engines that do this but do not track and then advertise based on the user. As users we should take responsibility for how and what we use online. If we all don’t keep forging new pathways to access information. It begins to stop .

Hypertext Essay

When I think of my first time using the internet I rarely think back to a time when I wasn’t using it purely for school work or socialising, the internet has always been a tool for me to connect with friends. I dread to think of a time where I’d have to rely on letters or phones without texting, let alone a phone connected to a landline. Finding the best new social networking site was such an easy task, you would just follow where your friends went or jump on the next band wagon. But with so many available to us these days, always within arms reach, helping us control our day to day lives it’s getting harder and harder to find the next big thing or even come to terms with the fact that the internet can’t do everything for us.

The most prominent early memories of using the internet daily is of rushing to get home at 4pm everyday after school and logging on to Windows Live Messenger. MSN Messenger allowed you to talk to one or many of your friends online through live chat. The instant messages made sharing homework or photos the easiest way, as there was little to no need for an email at that time unless you had a job or a document too large for MSN to handle. It gave you options like personalising your online name and your profile photo which was great and when you had a friend who owned a webcam it was hours of fun. That being said it did have many flaws, such as it could only send certain document sizes and it had a habit of logging you out for no reason.
I now cringe to think of how unsafely I used the internet and that website, sharing photos and personal details with friends and talking to people I didn’t know. (which of course was the cool thing to do so how could I not do it!?)
In the long run it wasn’t the most interesting site available because it was very limited in the way that you had no profile to alter to your liking, you could only chat and invite people you already knew of and it didn’t offer/ advertise new friends to add, games, brands, websites or things you were interested in. Things like those trashy gif ads we now dread the sight of. The last time I truly used it was in high school, dead and buried with my Roxy t shirts and school photos. No longer using MSN wasn’t a decision based on the programmes flaws, but more that my friends were using something else and I wanted to do the same. MSN messenger had recently been shut down to make room for Microsofts programme Skype, the younger prettier live webcaming version of MSN. After all you wouldn’t want to spend $8 million on a new programme if people still have the option to use the old one.

Then it was all about Myspace.” From 2005-2008 it was the most visited social networking site in the world, surpassing Google as the most visited site in the US.”
I never really used Myspace to its fullest potential. With so many different ways to stylise and personalise your myspace page it became a fashion show. Being able to choose your background, add yours photos and pictures which you like and a music player which starts as a user enters your page, we were spoilt for choice. Through the messages and comment tabs you were able to connect with friends and even broadcast who your top friends were on your page. Each week was a popularity contest, how many people have added you, are you in anyone’s top 10 friends and do you have the nicest layout. It was a whole new way of socialising. It was also the first time I’d noticed these tailor made adds. Every week I was adding a new band or celebrity as a friend because my page had suggested it to me. For a long time Myspace was dead and buried, a social faux pas if you still used it. But Myspace is making a comeback, having redesigned the site and changing their goals it’s a sleeker more professional looking website. It just goes to show that you can teach an old dog new tricks.
Or if that doesn’t get you pumped about it Justin Timberlake certainly thinks it’s worth investing in and if he can “bring sexy back” why not Myspace?. Possibly he got this idea of investing in from co starring in The Social Network, the film that brought to light how Facebook was created and how Mark Zuckerberg created the concept.

Moving over to Facebook, much like Myspace was because my friends had jumped ship and I felt I needed something a little more grown up for my last high school years. Really I moved over cause it was what everyone was talking about regardless that I had no idea or care who Mark Zukerberg was. I only kept Facebook updated regularly because that was the first time I’d ever had an IPhone and wasn’t using credit. This neat looking website offered what you loved about other social networking sites and so much more. It’s ideals were simply and reflected that of my own. A way to share with friends family and other people from around the globe.
“As people share more, they have access to more opinions from the people they trust about the products and services they use. This makes it easier to discover the best products and improve the quality and efficiency of their lives. We have already helped more than 800 million people map out more than 100 billion connections so far, and our goal is to help this rewiring accelerate.”
Facebook seemed to just get better and better especially with the inclusion of the programme Instagram. designed as the photo sharing version of Facebook we all went to it like moths to a flame. anything could be shared from photos of you and your friends, a trip away to the most mediocre photo of your legs in a bathtub or your sandwich for lunch. Instagram was the new “It” thing, until they change their policies about who owns the photos once they were uploaded.
“Under the new policy, Facebook claims the perpetual right to license all public Instagram photos to companies or any other organisation, including for advertising purposes, which would effectively transform the Web site into the world’s largest stock photo agency. One irked Twitter user quipped that “Instagram is now the new iStockPhoto, except they won’t have to pay you anything to use your images.””
Most of the people using Instagram were purely using it for socialising so the outrage over this policy was quickly dispersed.

So many nodes and connections, hyperlinks and ads specially tailored to the user.
The overkill of adds and things tailored for us has rendered us enable of searching for ourselves. We keep recycling the same techniques. We have become so connected in the web that we’ve started to trap ourselves in it.
These days we are connected to multiple social networks rather than just one. We aren’t committed to maintaing just one as we used to be so most of these new sites have taken the good points of older sites and simplified so that you can have one outlet for just typing comments, one for photos and one for your social life. We are constantly online tweet, tumbling, Swiping right, liking and sharing that it’s becoming overkill. It’s gotten to the point that these websites are connecting and asking if we want to update simultaneously. Maybe nothing will take over Facebook, maybe all the sites will join together to create one big social networking extravaganza!

Anyway I need to go tweet about how I’ve finished my assignment now.

Is technology evolving and mankind devolving?

This week we discussed how in such a huge network with so many connections worldwide, why is it we can overlook so many major details, and not be able to create something completely unique.
The internet is used as a tool for communication worldwide and has political underpinning. The controversial video of Kony 2012 went global so quickly. Everyone had seen the video or bought the poster and we’re outraged by what we had seen. The only issue was that the video, being over half an hour long, meant very few people watched the ending. Many regard the ending of the video missing some of the key details to the purpose of the video. The Kony video and many other videos on the internet play on the “distract ability of the network culture”. We are constantly searching for the best answers and the quickest ways ,to get them. The best new devices and the best updates we can download. But with such a demand for newer and better ways of using the internet and getting information why is I that so few people are actually developing these things.
We use the internet everyday even while we are not “connected” but we use it in limited ways. This blog post for example. It’s my thoughts but in order to get it out there I am using Pages and posting it on WordPress.
As humans, many studies have been done to show that we do not address a problem till it faces us. We don’t address problems in large crowds as we feel less responsible for it ourselves. The internet being so big is a blessing and a curse. Have we reached the pinnacle of technological advancement or gave we opened a doorway so big and so full of possibilities it has rendered us incapable of thinking for ourselves?
” can we produce positive change, preserving what is good about network culture and changing what is bad, or are we doomed to dissipate into the network?”

2nd Lecture

Today we touched on how we can truly teach and learn about the internet and networked culture when we are so emerged and constantly practising within it. The internet was made as a tool to survive a nuclear was and it’s connections were originally designed in a hierarchy structure. However after the Berlin Wall fell and the 90’s were in full swing the internet started being an integral part of our daily life. So much so that today we constantly are connected to it. It has become more mobile and more connected that the hierarchy structure has transformed into the web like structure we know it as today.
But with so many connections we once again face a new problem. “No one is creating anymore, just reorganising” how original and creative can we be when we use the internet via other peoples ideas. Eg: taking a photo of a sunset but using an iPhone and Instagram.
I believe being so connected is a blessing and a curse. The only way to be truly unique and shocking is to boycott the internet all together. However you do run the risk of becoming irrelevant online, at work, at school and to others.